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Elon Musk’s $ 100 million prize is for technology the world desperately needs

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Elon Musk mentioned he’ll reveal the main points of the award subsequent week.

Elon Musk, the richest man on the earth, is donating $ 100 million for an award for “greatest carbon seize expertise.”

Carbon seize is, in actual fact, a large mixture of applied sciences with the identical objective: to gather carbon dioxide in order that it doesn’t escape into the ambiance and contribute to international warming. Greenhouse fuel could be captured from energy vegetation and factories, and even immediately from the air.

Musk, who runs Tesla Inc. and Area Exploration Applied sciences Corp., mentioned he’ll reveal particulars of the award subsequent week. However their earlier statements recommend that considered one of their key objectives is to cut back the value of direct airborne carbon seize in order that it may be feasibly used to make artificial rocket gas, changing the fossil fuels used now.

In 2017, he mentioned: “There isn’t a option to make an electrical rocket. I want there was. However in the long run, photo voltaic power can be utilized to extract CO₂ from the ambiance, mix it with water, and produce gas and oxygen for the rocket.” . He raised the concept once more in 2019, when he responded to a query on Twitter about utilizing carbon seize to supply rocket gas, saying “rocket flights will probably be internet zero carbon in the long term.”

What Musk is describing shouldn’t be science fiction. There are at the very least three startups, Carbon Engineering from Canada, Climeworks from Switzerland, and World Thermostat from the US, which have constructed working pilot vegetation to seize carbon dioxide from the air. Carbon Engineering has even made a small batch of artificial gas from CO₂.

Science itself shouldn’t be new. Researchers have been ready to make use of chemical reactions to transform CO₂ into hydrocarbon fuels for a couple of century. The problem has been lowering the price of the method and determining find out how to energy it with clear power. Since CO₂ is the top product of burning fossil fuels, reversing the method requires a considerable amount of power.

And whereas capturing carbon dioxide from amenities that burn fossil fuels shouldn’t be trivial, making an attempt to suck it out of the air the place fuel concentrations are very low requires filtering giant quantities of fuel to acquire a miniscule quantity of CO₂. The three firms with pilot vegetation spent tens of hundreds of thousands of {dollars} to get to this stage, and there’s a lengthy option to go. The price of securing a ton of carbon by way of direct air seize could be as excessive as $ 600, about 15 occasions the value of carbon traded on the European market.

There are two methods to cut back the associated fee. The primary is fixing the scaling downside in actual time: constructing giant vegetation at a value of a whole bunch of hundreds of thousands of {dollars}, giving engineers the chance to optimize the method by way of trial and error. Carbon Engineering is presently working with Occidental Petroleum Corp. to construct a plant that may seize 1 million tons of carbon dioxide every year.

The second, presumably extra worthwhile route is to extend the tempo of innovation. Governments can increase funding for analysis and improvement. Or billionaires can launch contests that entice consideration. With an award, “you’re inducing an exercise the place there is a chance,” mentioned Tris Dyson, managing director of Nesta Challenges, an innovation-focused non-profit group within the UK.

It’s a technique that has been round for hundreds of years and has labored up to now. The Longitude Rewards have been a collection of awards launched by the UK authorities in 1714 to assist develop sensible strategies for figuring out the exact longitude of a ship at sea. The reward pulled on the entrepreneurial spirit of the innovators, and individuals typically ended up spending extra money on the general improvement of the expertise than the sum of the award itself.

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In a manner, train takes benefit of irrational behaviors to generate a positive consequence, Dyson mentioned. “It’s the nature of entrepreneurs and innovators,” he mentioned. “They’re very optimistic creatures.”

Musk’s $ 100 million is prone to see many occasions that quantity spent on growing carbon seize expertise. That’s one thing that area desperately wants. Local weather fashions present that some type of detrimental emissions expertise will probably be required to fulfill the objectives of the Paris Settlement, and there’s a restrict to the quantity of forests that may be planted to soak up CO₂ naturally.

“The air is virtually an infinite reservoir of CO₂,” mentioned Stuart Haszeldine, professor of carbon seize and storage on the College of Edinburgh. If there’s a carbon seize expertise that deserves such an award, Haszeldine acknowledges that direct air seize is the precise objective.

Musk shouldn’t be the primary billionaire to suggest a multi-million greenback carbon seize award. Richard Branson launched the Virgin Earth Problem in 2007, providing $ 25 million for commercially viable machines that may take away vital quantities of CO₂ from the air for at the very least 10 years. In 2011, the finalists have been introduced, however none met the standards. The Carbon XPrize, launched in 2015, presently has 10 finalists competing to transform CO₂ into merchandise. The winner is predicted to be introduced in 2021.

These previous tech awards can assist Musk design his personal. His group has to place in appreciable effort to map out the expertise panorama and future avenues for its use earlier than launching the competitors, mentioned Dyson of Nesta Challenges. That may assist create clear standards which are formidable however not not possible. Guidelines must be constant, and small monetary rewards for reaching smaller milestones can assist groups keep motivated.

Dyson, who has been engaged on the standards for a direct-to-air seize award, says he would like to work with Musk on his award, primarily due to his star energy.

“Individuals will need to attempt the award simply to companion with Elon Musk,” Dyson mentioned. Carbon sequestration, thus far largely confined to the realm of local weather science consultants, might work with such typical promoting.

(Aside from the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV workers and is posted from a syndicated channel.)

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India vs England 3rd Test, Day 2 Live cricket score: Axar Patel needs three to leave England in trouble | Cricket news

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IND vs ENG Dwell: Axar Patel celebrates a wicket on day 2 of the third check match.© BCCI



After taking a lead within the first inning, India took fast floor early in opposition to England on Day 2 of the third check match in progress, at Narendra Modi Stadium in Ahmedabad. The guests have misplaced the grounds of Zak Crawley, Jonny Bairstow and Dom Sibley to Axar Patel within the first over himself. Ben Stokes and Joe Root are presently batting for England and their aim is to construct some stability. Beforehand, on Day 2, India posted a first-inning rating of 145 in response to England’s 112, taking a 33-run lead. The hosts began day 2 on a nasty notice, shedding quick floor. For the guests, Joe Root was in prime type, registering 5 wickets. He took the lands of Rishabh Pant, Washington Sundar, Patel, Ravichandran Ashwin and Jasprit Bumrah. In the meantime, Jack Leach fired Rohit Sharma and Ajinkya Rahane. Guests will intention to not lose an excessive amount of floor earlier than the dinner break. Within the meantime, the hosts will attempt to limit England and construct some momentum. (LIVE SCORE CARD)

Third check, day 2 LIVE updates between India (IND) and England (ENG), direct from Narendra Modi Stadium, Ahmedabad

  • 17:23 (IST)

    FOUR!

    Ashwin throws it within the center, and Stokes reverses it sweeps it to the correct of the spot for a 4.

  • 17:22 (REAL)

    FOUR!

    A brief supply from Ashwin, on Stokes’ hips. He will get into the crease and hits it to the left of the midwicket for a 4!

  • 17:20 (REAL)

    A race

    A whole supply of Axar, from the skin out. Root takes him to the deck of the sweeper for a single.

  • 17:17 (IST)

    FOUR!

    A flat supply from Ashwin, intermittent. Stokes kneels down and sweeps him to the midwicket boundary for a 4!

  • 17:12 (REAL)

    Two races

    Ashwin’s lengthy again, on Stokes hips. Sends him to deep midwicket for 2 runs.

  • 17:11 (REAL)

    A race

    Axar throws it on the stump line. Stokes guides him to the left of the quick midwicket outfielder. A race.

  • 17:09 (REAL)

    OUT OF! Dom Sibley c Rishabh Pant b Axar Patel 7 (25)

    ANOTHER TO AXAR! NUMBER NINE WICKET FOR HIM IN THIS GAME!

    Axar threw him up and Sibley missed the flip. He fingers it over to Pant, who does the remaining. The referee calls him, however Sibley checks. Extremely-edge exhibits that bats have been concerned.

    On walks, Ben Stokes.

  • 17:04 (REAL)

    No stroke, ENG: 19/2

    Ashwin takes a sudden huge bounce and hits Root’s glove. It goes to Gill’s proper on the quick leg.

  • 17:02 (REAL)

    Two races

    Again of a size by Ashwin, in the course of across the wicket. Root sends him by way of the decks for 2 runs.

  • 16:58 (REAL)

    A race

    A whole supply of Axar, within the center. Root sends it subsequent to the leg for a single.

  • 16:51 (REAL)

    A race

    Ashwin tosses it full, on off. Sibley speeds it up from the center of a single.

  • 16:50 (REAL)

    TO CLOSE!

    Ashwin throws it to the center, and it hits the within fringe of Sibley and hits the entrance pad. The unique resolution has not been printed, and the tracker exhibits that it will have been ignored.

  • 16:46 (REAL)

    Two races

    Root sends this Ashwin supply to the entrance foot decks. Two races.

  • 16:41 (REAL)

    Don’t run

    Patel throws it alongside and passes the outer fringe of Root. It nearly hit the stump!

  • 16:39 (REAL)

    OUT OF! Jonny Bairstow b Axar Patel 0 (2)

    THIS IS INCREDIBLE!!!!

    Axar throws an armball across the gate. Bairstow wastes every part and hits the stumps.

    On walks, Joe Root.

  • 16:37 (REAL)

    THAT WAS CLOSE!

    Axar throws it lengthy, in off. Bairstow kneels down and sweeps. He fails, and there’s no glove concerned. Hit her hips, and India attracts. The referee raises his finger, however then the assessment goes to Bairstow’s aspect. The stumps have been lacking.

  • 16:34 (REAL)

    OUT OF!! Zak Crawley b Axar Patel 0 (1)

    WHAT DELIVERY! WICKET ON THE FIRST BALL!

    Axar throws all of it the way in which across the gate. Crawley is on the flawed line and hits the stumps.

    On walks, Jonny Bairstow.

  • 16:31 (REAL)

    The motion resumes!

    Dom Sibley and Zak Crawley to begin England’s second inning. Axar Patel will play for India.

  • 16:14 (IST)

    OUT OF! Jasprit Bumrah lbw b Joe Root 1 (2)

    ROOT GETS YOUR FIVE FOR!

    He tossed it into the center, and Bumrah sways and misses. It is lbw, however Bumrah checks. Monitoring the ball exhibits that it will hit the stump of the leg.

    That is it for India, and they’re 33 races forward. They’ve scored 145 and are all out.

    It is tea break now!

  • 16:09 (REAL)

    A race

    Root throws it on the stumps. Ishant sends it to the aspect of the leg. He desires a second profession, however neither does Bumrah. Ishant was nearly exhausted, however he manages with a dive.

  • 16:06 (REAL)

    THAT WAS CLOSE!

    Leach throws it up and Bumrah will get caught on the entrance foot. The referee raises his finger, however Bumrah checks it. Replays present that there’s a bat concerned. The decision within the area is reversed.

  • 16:01 (REAL)

    A race

    Bumrah is transferring on for this Root installment. He will get an inside benefit to guide the quick leg for a single.

  • 15:55 (IST)

    Two races

    Leach tosses it, full. Ishant sweeps him by way of midwicket for 2 runs.

  • 15:54 (REAL)

    SIX! WHAT A SHOT!

    Leach throws it up, from the skin to the skin. Ishant comes ahead and hits him within the center for a crushing six!

  • 15:52 (REAL)

    One race, IND: 135/9 | Lead for 23 races

    Root releases it and Ishant guides him by way of midwicket for a single.

  • 15:50 (REAL)

    OUT OF! Ravichandran Ashwin c Zak Crawley b Joe Root 17 (32)

    One other one for Root!

    Root throws it up, out. Ashwin tries to comb it away, however the prime leads him to Crawley in the course of a deep wicket.

    On walks, Jasprit Bumrah.

  • 15:45 (REAL)

    A race

    Leach throws it up and Ashwin cuts it by way of the sq. leg. A race.

  • 15:42 (REAL)

    FOUR!

    Not a great supply from Root, and Ashwin steps ahead to comb it by way of the entrance sq. leg for a 4!

  • 15:40 (REAL)

    A race

    Leach throws it out utterly, and Ashwin takes it too far for one.

  • 15:32 (REAL)

    OUT OF!!! Axar Patel c Dom Sibley b Joe Root 0 (2)

    ANOTHER FOR ROOT! HAS NOT YET AWARDED A RACE!

    Root throws him alongside and Axar tried to go huge. Sibley dives in to catch him from shut vary.

    On walks, Ishant Sharma.

  • 15:28 (REAL)

    OUT OF! Washington Sundar b Joe Root 0 (12)

    ROOT IS STATIC! SUNDAR LOOKS SHELLSHOCKED!

    He threw it down the center across the gate. Sundar tries to hit him, however then passes him to hit the stump.

    On walks, Axar Patel.

  • 15:25 (REAL)

    FOUR! IND: 125/6

    Leach throws it quick, and Ashwin returns on his crease to hit him to the correct of the third quick man for a 4!

  • 15:21 (REAL)

    Don’t run

    One size supply by Root, and Sundar inside skirts it. He was nearly caught by the quick leg.

  • 15:17 (IST)

    FOUR!

    Not a great supply from Leach, and Ashwin comes out of his crease to hit him in the course of a 4!

  • 15:15 (IST)

    OUT OF!!!! Rishabh Pant c Ben Foakes b Joe Root 1 (8)

    TRAPPED BEHIND !!! LARGE QUANTITY FOR JOE ROOT !!

    Pant is stunned and disenchanted. He desires to do a assessment, talks to Ashwin about it, however then he leaves.

    Root tossed it across the gate. Pant stepped ahead, and the ball sank out of Pant, and Foakes did the remaining.

    On walks, Washington Sundar.

  • 15:10 (IST)

    Two races

    Leach throws it out utterly, from the skin to the skin. Ashwin guides him by way of the duvet level area for 2 races.

  • 15:06 (REAL)

    OUT OF! Rohit Sharma lbw b Jack Leach 66 (96)

    GREAT FOR LEACHING !!!

    Throw a protracted supply, out. Rohit tries to comb however misses and the ball hits him on the hip. The ball tracker helps the lbw umpire’s name, he was hitting the stump.

    On walks, Ravichandran Ashwin.

  • 15:01 (REAL)

    Don’t run

    Anderson makes a protracted supply, from the skin out. It goes past the outer fringe of Pant. Don’t run.

  • 14:58 (REAL)

    A race

    Leach throws it full, to the opposite aspect. Pant guides him down lengthy for a single.

  • 14:56 (REAL)

    OUT OF! Ajinkya Rahane lbw b Jack Leach 7 (25)

    Leach throws it full, and Rahane tries to hit him, however misses and hits his pad on the road with the stump out. OUT OF!

    On walks, Rishabh Pant.

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Facebook Bans Myanmar Army From Its Platforms With Immediate Effect

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Fb stated it might ban all “Tadmadaw-linked enterprise entities” from promoting on its platforms.

Singapore:

Fb stated Thursday that it had banned Myanmar’s army from utilizing its Fb and Instagram platforms with instant impact as weeks of mass demonstrations proceed within the Southeast Asian nation after the army seized energy.

“Occasions for the reason that February 1 coup, together with lethal violence, have precipitated the necessity for this ban,” Fb stated in a weblog publish. “We consider that the dangers of permitting the Tatmadaw (Myanmar army) on Fb and Instagram are too nice.”

The army seized energy this month after alleging fraud within the November eight elections swept by Aung San Suu Kyi’s Nationwide League for Democracy (NLD), detaining her and far of the occasion’s leaders.

Not less than three protesters and a policeman have been killed in violent acts in demonstrations.

The US tech big stated it might additionally ban all “Tadmadaw-linked enterprise entities” from promoting on its platforms.

He stated the choice to ban the Myanmar army was as a consequence of “exceptionally severe human rights abuses and the clear danger of future violence initiated by the army in Myanmar”, in addition to the army’s repeated historical past of violating Fb guidelines, even from the coup.

The army authorities couldn’t be instantly reached for remark.

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Facbook is extensively utilized in Myanmar and has been one of many methods the junta has communicated with individuals, regardless of an official transfer to ban the platform within the early days of the coup.

Lately, Fb has engaged with civil rights activists and democratic political events in Myanmar and rejected the army after going through worldwide criticism for failing to include on-line hate campaigns.

In 2018, he banned military chief Min Aung Hlaing, now the army ruler, and 19 different high-ranking officers and organizations, and eliminated tons of of pages and accounts run by army members for inauthentic coordinated conduct.

Earlier than the November elections, Fb introduced that it had eliminated a community of 70 pretend accounts and pages operated by members of the army who had posted constructive content material concerning the army or criticized Suu Kyi and her occasion.

The platform stated on Thursday that there have been makes an attempt to rebuild the military-run networks it had beforehand eliminated.

(This story has not been edited by NDTV employees and is robotically generated from a syndicated feed.)

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“Fighting” for the nomination of Neera Tanden to head the US Department of the Budget: White House

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If confirmed by the Senate, Neera Tanden could be the primary individual of shade to move the federal company.

Washington:

The White Home has mentioned it’s “preventing” for the nomination of Indian-American Neera Tanden to move the Workplace of Administration and Price range, as two essential Senate committees abruptly postponed conferences on her affirmation.

On Wednesday it was speculated that the White Home is struggling to get the votes wanted for Tanden’s affirmation, amid sturdy opposition from Republicans and a few Democratic senators over his earlier Twitter outbursts in opposition to varied lawmakers, together with these from his personal get together. .

The Senate Committee on Authorities Affairs and Homeland Safety and the Senate Price range Committee abruptly postponed the votes on Ms. Tanden’s affirmation, scheduled for Wednesday.

“We’re preventing for the nomination, and he or she (Tanden) and our crew stay in shut contact with senators and key electoral teams. She is an knowledgeable whose {qualifications} are essential throughout this time of unprecedented disaster,” mentioned the press secretary of the White Home Jen Psaki instructed reporters at her every day press convention.

If confirmed by the Senate, Tanden, 50, would change into the primary individual of shade to move the federal company that prepares the annual funds for the US authorities.

Ms. Tanden, Ms. Psaki mentioned, has rolled up her sleeves.

“She may be very engaged and reaches out to senators, to Hill members, answering any questions they’ve and providing to take action. And we’re doing the identical,” he mentioned.

“There’s a nominee to move the funds division; her identify is Neera Tanden, and that’s the reason we proceed to combat for,” Psaki mentioned when requested if the White Home is on the lookout for choices.

Ms Tanden reportedly deleted greater than 1,000 tweets earlier than her affirmation course of started. He had apologized to the senators throughout their affirmation hearings earlier this month.

President Joe Biden didn’t reply to questions on Ms. Tanden throughout a media interplay Wednesday.

“That is not the stage we’re at,” Psaki mentioned when requested if Tanden had supplied to withdraw his nomination.

“The stage we’re in is working to proceed preventing for his or her nomination. And as you understand, it’s a numbers recreation. It’s a matter of getting a Republican to help their nomination. We proceed to make that effort, answering the questions they’ve. and proceed to reiterate their {qualifications}, “he mentioned.

Politico reported that Ms. Tanden’s nomination for Director of the Workplace of Administration and Price range appeared to break down spectacularly this week.

With Democratic Senator Joe Manchin and several other average Republican senators asserting that they might oppose his nomination, The Washington Submit mentioned it has probably condemned his election.

An op-ed in The Wall Avenue Journal mentioned Ms. Tanden’s nomination seems to not be confirmed by the Senate as a result of her tweets.

In his pre-Twitter pole years, Tanden tweeted that Mitch McConnell was ” Voldemort ” and ” Moscow Mitch ”, in contrast Ted Cruz unfavorably to vampires, known as Tom Cotton a ” fraud ”, mentioned that Bernie Sanders Russia, a frequent goal of Tanden, acquired Russia’s assist in the 2016 Democratic major, calling Senator Collins’ causes for voting to verify then-Decide Brett Kavanaugh a “ pathetically unhealthy religion argument to cowl up the President Trump’s vicious assaults on survivors of sexual assault. ” Mentioned The Wall Avenue Journal.

The New York Instances mentioned Tanden’s nomination is faltering.

Republican Senator Ted Cruz mentioned Ms. Tanden’s nomination is within the rocks.

“We had been on our strategy to Joe Biden being the primary president since Ronald Reagan to get all of his cupboard nominees named, which did not make loads of sense in a 50-50 Senate. With Manchin in opposition to her, she’s clearly in rocks, “he mentioned.

Republican Senator John Cornyn instructed reporters that Tanden has “been bipartisan in his criticism of everybody,” from Bernie Sanders to Joe Manchin and others.

“Clearly, she was nominated for her political credentials, and admittedly, it’s because of the lack of Democratic help that her nomination is prone to fail,” she mentioned.

Later that night time, White Home Chief of Workers Ron Klain instructed MSNBC that they’re “preventing with our guts” to get Tanden confirmed. If not confirmed, they won’t try to appoint her appearing director, however will put her in a task that doesn’t require Senate affirmation.

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